We're back with another Ethiopian coffee, this time Gidey, which has an impressive score of 89 on the cupping table. Typical of this country's coffee, it's a vibrant and floral bean that's beautifully balanced. Those people unfortunate enough to know me, will tell you how I'm a huge fan of Ethiopian coffee and I've been playing around with this one. (I'm also a massive fan of Sybil Fawlty, but never been fortunate enough to play around with her). Of course, it's expectional as a pour over, but I've actually been trying it as a stove top and it's tremendous: surprisingly subtle and super-tangy. It demands a roast profile that like Sybil is somewhat demanding, but is ultimately worth all the effort.
You'll be Gidey with excitement for this bean ... hmmm... I'll get me coat!
Rin recommends:a pour-over brew method to highlight the subtleties of this incredible single origin. Perfect for Aeropress / Chemex / Softbrew.
Growing happily amongst the native forest are the healthiest and happiest coffee trees you’ll see anywhere in the world. Organic production is widespread in Ethiopia where in many countries this is completely unviable due to pervasive disease. It may be the diversity afforded by the forest growing environment slows the spread of disease. There are many contributing factors to the uniqueness of Ethiopian coffee from the growing systems to the diversity of varieties. The result is a country filled with coffee that is some of the best quality in the world.
Gidey Berhe is the owner of Limu Kossa Agro Industry PLC. It’s not a very catchy name for a coffee farm, so we have decided to name the coffee after the man himself. Located far in the West of Ethiopia in an area known as Limu Kossa, Gidey farms his coffee on a 350 hectare farm that sits at 1840-2130 meters above sea level. The farm is meticulously maintained, from the trees to the signs dividing the lot sections on the farm. The land was once wild bush and has been thinned slightly to accommodate the coffee but the feeling of quiet solitude pervades amongst the native trees.
The coffee is picked by 400 seasonal workers that can be found singing happily as they go about their work. At the farms collection station, green cherries are sorted out before their bags are weighed for payment. The green cherries are dried as naturals and sold to the local market.
The mill processes around 20,000kg of cherry per day during the peak of the season. The coffee dried for 24 hours under cover before being placed in the full sun for a further 7-10 days. DESCRIPTION Very floral notes of lemon and peach with lingering jasmine finish SCAA CUP SCORE: 89
HEIRLOOM: These varieties most resemble the Typica variety though there is no exact way of tracing their development. There are now over 1000 different heirloom varieties growing in the Wild Forests of Ethiopia and the first steps to separating them into lots are underway. These varieties are responsible for some of the most coveted cup profiles in the world – florals, citrus, cocoa, tea, wild berries
60% Brazil: Ouro Verde: (Rainforest Alliance Certified) 40%: El Salvador: Los Pirineos (microlot)
We've worked hard over the past year to perfect our iconic blue label Casa. Given that speciality coffee is all about seasonal harvests, we can confidently reproduce our taste profile with Brazilian and Central American Arabica beans.
Currently we've have plumped for a yellow catuai varietal from Fazenda Ouro Verde has an amazing sweetness, yet the punch needed to cut through milky espresso-machine based drinks. So, its the ideal base for our Casa Espresso blend.
As its bezzy mate, we've chosen the typical chocolatey flavours of an El Salvadoran Arabica. It's a Red Bourbon varietal, a favourite of ours and a delight to roast. Honestly, we're spoiling y'all with this unbeliveable house blend. (Don't take my word for it though ... just look at what you're saying on the REVIEWS tab above!)
So what's our objective? We want...
- A coffee that's got the boldness through an espresso machine as an unadulturated espresso, yet has the body and punch to compliment all milky drinks - A blend of 100% single-origin Arabica beans that tastes amazing, without any hint of the astringency you'll find with Robusta coffee - To remain committed to using farms whose produce is fully traceable. With this provenance, we can rely on an excellent crop from each harvest. And in this way, we can reproduce a consistent roast profile and keep you smiling - A taste profile that has good balance, a full-mouthfeel, with nutty and dark chocolate notes and a refreshing berry finish
Brew Method: Made to measure for an espresso machine. If you have a home espresso machine, then our "blue label" is an essential companion. It's also absolutely cracking to use with a stove top. The new model Bialetti Brikka, will give you a great crema too, so it's an ideal way to start the day, if you're on a budget. And because we roast fresh at least once a week, you'll get the very best our of this amazing 100% Arabica blend. As we say in Cumbria: “Champion”.
For more information about the beans, click on the "Nerd Zone" tab about ... you geeks, you!
Country: Brazil Region: THe Cerrado, Minas Gerais Farm: Naimeg Family Process: Washed Altitude: 1000 masl Varietal: Yellow Catuai
Fazenda Ouro Verde (Green Gold Farm) is one of four farms owned by the Naimeg group, a family business headed up by the founder Gerson Naimeg. Gerson, the son of a German settler and Brazilian mother, established his first farm in 1965 when he bought a small plot of land in Uba located in northern Paraná. Like many others, he and his family moved to the Cerrado to avoid the annual threat of frost and now they have four farms in the region. Fazenda Ouro Verde is around 130 hectares in size with 100 hectares set aside for coffee and is located near the city of Patos de Minas, at an altitude of approximately 1000 meters above sea level. The farm successfully grows varietals of Catuai and Acaia on the local clay loam soils and harvesting is mechanical thanks to the flat lay of the land.
In processing of the Brazilian Oure Verde, the ripe cherries are machine picked and put into a Pinhalese depulper which removes the skin of the cherry leaving sticky beans exposed. The sorted cherries are then spread out to dry on a patio for a period of around 8 to 10 days depending on the weather. During this time the sugars and enzymatic by-products are absorbed into the heart of the bean lending the cup its distinctive sweet and full bodied flavour – great for espresso. The farm has won awards in national espresso competitions in recognition of its good character in the cup. Once dry the parchment coffee is put into ‘tulhas’ (large wooden vats) where the moisture and flavour is allowed to even out during the resting period. Finally, just prior to shipment, it is dry milled and sorted to remove any defect beans before being packed into 60kg jute bags lined with GrainPro to protect the quality of the coffee during transit and storage. In line with Brazilian law, 20% of the land at Fazenda Ouro Verde is given over to a nature reserve where indigenous plants provide a habitat for wildlife. This coupled with the social standards which have been established for the people that work the land, has led to Rainforest Alliance certification for the farm.
This bean scored 84.00 by on the SCAA scoresheet when cupped.
Acidity – 7 - 7.5 Mild acidity, pleasant
Sweetness – 7.5 - 8 Excellent sweetness with more sugars being absorbed from the pulp
Character – 7.75 - 8 Plum-like, nutty, chocolate on the darker side
Body – 8 - 8.5 Medium to full body
Balance – 7.5- 8.5 Good balance
EL Salvador: Los Pirineos (Microlot LP23)
Country: El Salvador Region: Usulutan Farm: Gilberto Baraona Process: Washed Altitude: 1550 masl Varietal: Red Bourbon
Los Pirineos Coffee farm has been in the Baraona Family from more than 120 years,since 1880. Gilberto Baraona is an 8 times winner of Cup of Excellence in El Salvador. The Farm is located at the top of the Tecapa Volcano, in the Tecapa Chinameca Coffee Region. The farm has been the experimental ground for several new varietal projects, such as the Central America F1 variety. Currently Los Pirineos is starting to grow more than 10 new varietals that will start producing in 2017. New varietals include Orange Pacamara, Geisha, Bourbon Elite, Bourbon Laurina, Javas, and Kenya. For the lowers altitudes below 1200 meters varietals such as Castillo Naranjal, Costa Rica 95, Lempira, Obata, and Casiopea.
The farm and Mill have 50 full time employees taking on a further 75 during the peak of the harvest. Gilberto’s obsession with quality means he pays well above the legal minimum wages to all his staff. He requires far more precision and attention to detail than the average coffee farm and so must invest time and money in the people who manage the processing. As a result of the training and support he offers even his temporary staff are consistent from year to year.
Gilberto’s dedication to quality is uncompromising. He has the largest coffee seed bank in private hands in El Salvador and is constantly testing and exploring new options for unique cup character. It is with great excitement that we are working with him and hope to extend our offering from his farms in the coming years.
Peach, hints of jasmine, praline, medium body and very sweet
Don't blame us for listening to the masses. We've had so much demand for a coffee from those of you who are a little more sensitive to caffeine that, like our marras from Del Monte, we said "Si... why not, let's have a go" and we've produced a semi-caffeinated 100% Arabica speciality coffee.
Smooth, creamy bodied and with just enough buzz to prod you gently in the morning, our 1/2 Caff is for those of you who can take a punch without a full left hook of caffeine!
Just in, just roasted. One of the best decafs I've ever had. Wonderful smooth with a slightly citrus tang. I'm enjoying my evening Joe immensely.
(Break out the violins...) I've worked hard at roasting decaf to bring out the its best notes. Many crazy fools in my position will tell you, roasting decaf is a dark world - any sane person, quite simply, would not go there (unless you're auditioning for the sequel of Pan's Labyrinth.) Get it wrong (and boy for the first few months of my roasting life, did I ever) and you might be sucking wet cardboard through a straw. But whisper to it as if it's a petulant pony that refuses to be saddled and you might get a real winner. One thing's for sure, you just can't treat decaf like any other coffee bean. And whatever your views on decaf, as I roaster, I totally respect that and love the challenge.
The beans are decaffeinated using a sparkling water process. For more about this procedure and the farm's provenance, click on the "Nerd Zone" tab above.
This coffee works well for any brewing method, but we'd especially recommend something that works well with full-bodies coffees such as espresso / stove top / softbrew / cafetiere
AT A GLANCE… Altitude: 1250 - 1560 masl Preparation: Washed Location: San Fernando, Nueva Segovia Variety: Caturra and Catuai Owner: Julio Peralta Harvest: December - March
The municipality of San Fernando is located around 24 kilometres from the region’s capital ‘Ocotal’ and of the 10,000 residents, the vast majority are coffee farmers. This beautiful area is home to the stunning and aptly named ‘Finca El Bosque’ (which translates to ‘the forest’) and has been owned by Julio Peralta since 1991. The farm lies on the mountainous slopes in the Nuevo Segovia region on the border of Honduras, providing spectacular views of the surrounding forests and mountains of Jicaro and San Fernando. The environment is incredibly wild and coffee grows densely amongst shade trees of banana and inga, the potassium provided to the soil by the banana trees is elemental to the nutrition of the coffee on the farm. El Bosque produces coffee at altitudes of between 1250 to 1560 metres above sea level and has an annual rainfall of approximately 1800 millimetres. These factors, along with Julio’s inherited passion and dedication for growing exceptional coffee, combine to produce lively, bright and complex flavour nuances in the cup. Javier Antonia Mayorquin is the manager of Finca El Bosque and of the 140 hectares that make up El Bosque, only 30 of them are allocated for coffee production. The rest of the land has been set aside for the growth of different varieties of pine and oak, and it is this factor along with a clear commitment to sustainable environmental practice that has resulted in Rainforest Alliance certification for El Bosque. All power on the farm is provided by solar panels and a rainwater harvesting tank which produces hydroelectricity.
Ripe cherries are handpicked and sorted between December and March. There is a wet mill on the farm where the ripe red cherry is deposited and weighed from each picker. The cherries then enter floatation tanks where ripes and unripes are separated by density. The selected cherries are then pulped in a Penagos eco-pulper to remove the skin from each fruit, the water is recycled and reused in this process before entering oxidation ponds to remove bi-products. The sticky pulped beans then enter fermentation tanks for between 14 and 18 hours before being washed in channels. The washed beans are then taken to the drying patios at the nearby mill of San Ignacio where they are regularly turned by rake to ensure good, even drying. The overall drying process will take around 10 to 12 days.
SPARKLING WATER DECAFFEINATION PROCESS
This process was first discovered by a scientist called Kurt Zosel at the Max Planck Institute for Coal Research in 1967 as he was looking at new ways of separating mixtures of substances. In 1988, a German decaffeination company called CR3 developed this process for decaffeination whereby natural carbon dioxide (which comes from prehistoric underground lakes) is combined with water to create ‘sub-critical’ conditions which creates a highly solvent substance for caffeine in coffee. It is a gentle, natural and organically certified process and the good caffeine selectivity of the carbon dioxide guarantees a high retention level of other coffee components which contribute to taste and aroma.
The process is outlined below:
1. The green beans enter a ‘pre-treatment’ vessel where they are cleaned and moistened with water before being brought into contact with pressurised liquid carbon dioxide. When the green coffee beans absorb the water, they expand and the pores are opened resulting in the caffeine molecules becoming mobile.
2. After the water has been added, the beans are then brought into contact with the pressurised liquid carbon dioxide which combines with the water to essentially form sparkling water. The carbon dioxide circulates through the beans and acts like a magnet, drawing out the mobile caffeine molecules.
3. The sparkling water then enters an evaporator which precipitates the caffeine rich carbon dioxide out of the water. The now caffeine free water is pumped back into the vessel for a new cycle.
4. This cycle is repeated until the required residual caffeine level is reached. Once this has happened, the circulation of carbon dioxide is stopped and the green beans are discharged into a drier.
5. The decaffeinated coffee is then gently dried until it reaches its original moisture content, after which it is ready for roasting.
For those of you that really like some punch to your coffee and are familiar with our Brazilian offerings, should have go on this knockout single origin. It really is the boldest coffee I've ever roasted, yet retains lovely notes of chocolate, walnut, maple with the sweetness of brown sugar.
Fantastic for espresso based drinks in particular and for those who like a full-bodied Arabica.
You won't find this coffee anywhere north of London, so get ordering! It's fantastic through an espresso machine, but I’ve really enjoyed it used on a stove top and Aeropress. It’s incredibly versatile, so can be brewed in many ways, yet has the complexity of a high-end single origin.
Farm: Bom Jesus Varietal: Mundo Novo Processing: Natural process, sun-dried 30 days of resting period Altitude: 1,000 metres above sea level Owner: Gabriel e Flavia Lancha de Oliveira Region: Cristais Paulistas, Alta Mogiana Country: Brazil
The coffee from Fazenda Bom Jesus has a bright and remarkable acidity with hints of chocolate and walnuts. It leaves a very light and pleasant aftertaste. Notes of brown sugar make it a naturally sweet cup. A hint of maple syrup can also be detected. Its stunning aroma is very soft and sophisticated. The sweetness of the coffee is a result of the coffee varietal Mundo Novo and the natural process. The sugar in the coffee cherry is passed on to the bean as the coffee cherries are all dried together, removing the husks just after the coffee reaches a humidity of 11.5 %. The coffee is grown at an altitude of around 1,000 metres above sea level. This allows for ideal levels of rainfall of approximately 1,000mm per year. The constant temperatures of 20-25 C make for ideal conditions for the growth of healthy coffee trees and cherries.
Fazenda Bom Jesus is the work of the couple Gabriel and Flavia Lancha Oliveira. With a long heritage in coffee culture both are grandchildren of coffee producers. They themselves passed their love and care on to their sons, Lucas and Gabriel junior who are also dedicated full-time to the farm. In 1984 they formed The Labareda Group, diversifying into various rural activities although coffee is still the most foremost in family hearts and indeed remains their main crop. Fazenda Bom Jesus is located in Cristais Paulistas in the Alta Mogiana Region. Gabriel and Flavia are more than just a farming couple. Their objective is to sustainably develop their region from a social and economical point of view. Fazenda Bom Jesus was a founder of the Alta Mogiana Specialty Coffee Association - AMSC. It promotes a greater conscience with regard to speciality coffee in the region as well as developing better farm practices. Performance bonus payments are also made alongside employees fixed wages. Flavia verifies that all employees on the farm must be literate and receive specialized training to do their job. As for the workforce, all their children must be enrolled at the local school.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Fazenda Bom Jesus has over 140 hectares of Natural Reserve where a huge diversity of fauna and flora can be found. Annual auditors come to collect data on both vegetation and wildlife which, in turn, is catalogued by Rainforest Alliance researchers. All the products used on the farm are not only allowed but recommended. As it produces its own compost used on the farm. Fazenda Bom Jesus contributes socially with events such as GIMA – where children from 9 small surrounding towns come to take part in a treasure hunt. Over 400 children participate in general knowledge tests and a sports day on the Bom Jesus Farm. Only state educated children take part in the events and the prizes are sponsored by the farm itself and Australian roasters that also do direct trade.
QUALITY AND CERTIFICATION
Fazenda Bom Jesus Coffee was the first Farm in the Alta Mogiana Region to be certified by UTZ in 2006. Every stage must be monitored and recorded to allow 100% traceability of the coffee, which is only one of UTZ's requirements. The farm is a member of the Brazilian Specialty Coffee Association. Fazenda Bom Jesus has also been Rainforest Alliance (RFA) Certified since 2008. The importance of the certification is for both environment and social reasons. Recycling is encouraged in all farm buildings and the correct use of safety equipment is a further requirement of RFA. Fazenda Bom Jesus achieved a scored of 98% from the (RFA) auditors last year. The coffee is certified and exported to over 10 countries including Australia, Germany, USA and now Great Britain.